1. Doctor of Public Administration, Nova Southeastern University.
2. Masters of Public Administration, Nova Southeastern University.
3. Master of Arts in Public Administration, Humphrey Institute at the University of Minnesota.
4. Certificate of Completion for 1-Year, Leadership in Public Policy Program, Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs.
5. National Endowment for the Humanities, Summer Program for State/Local Administrators, Princeton University.
6. Bachelors Degree, Political Science, University of Idaho, Phi Beta Kappa, Pi Gamma Mu, Phi Kappa Phi.